ἀ̄χήν

ἀ̄χήν, -ῆνος
Grammatical information: m.
Meaning: `poor' Theocr.).
Other forms: ἀεχῆνες πένητες H. due to folk etymology (α privativum and ἔχω).
Dialectal forms: Ion.-Att. ἠχῆνες κενοί, πτωχοί H.
Compounds: κτεαν-ήχης πένης H.
Derivatives: ἀχηνία `poverty, lack' (A.), with short α- after the negation. Other formation in ἀχηνεῖς κενοί H.; verb ἠχ-άνω πτωχεύω Suid. (read *ἰ̄χάνω ?, s. below). Also ἀχαιος (IG 3, 1385)?
Origin: PG [a word of Pre-Greek origin]
Etymology: One connects ἰ̄χανάω `desire' (Hom.); not with ἴχαρ (A.) which has short ι-. In Indo-Iranian seem to correspond Skt. ī́hate `desire', Av. izyeiti `strive, long for', and Av. āzi- m. `desire' etc. Cf. Wackernagel Verm. Beiträge 11f. This could continue *h₂eh₂ǵh- with *h₂i-h₂h₂ǵh-. But if Av. aēzah `desire' belongs there (*Heiǵh-), Mayrhofer EWAia 1, 273, the Greek form cannot be connected. - Toch. A ākāl, B akālk `desire' are now supposed to be Iranian loans. - Szemerényi , Gnomon 43, 1971, 659 proposes that it is indeed from ἀ-εχ-; doubtful. If an IE etym. is unknown, the word might be Pre-Gr. (Chantr. Form. 166: "vocabulaire technique et populaire"; "cette fois encore il semble s'e:tre produit une collision entre un suffixe indo-européen et une finale méditerranéenne"; IE adjectives in -ην, -ηνος are hardly known, ibid.); but the suffix is well-known in Pre-Gr., Fur. 172 n. 118 (cf. ἀτμήν).
Page in Frisk: 1,200

Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό). . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • χήν — wild goose fem nom/voc sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • χῆν' — χῆναι , χάω pres inf act χῆνα , χήν wild goose fem acc sg χῆνε , χήν wild goose fem nom/voc/acc dual …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • χήν — ηνός, ὁ, ἡ, ΜΑ, και δωρ. τ. χάν, ανός, ἁ, Α βλ. χήνα …   Dictionary of Greek

  • χἤν — ἥν , ὅς yas fem acc sg (attic homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • χῆν — χάω pres inf act (doric ionic) χάω pres inf act (epic doric ionic) χάω imperf ind act 3rd pl (epic doric aeolic) χάω imperf ind act 1st sg (homeric ionic) χέω diffuse completely pres inf act (epic doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • Χῆν' — Χῆναι , Χῆναι fem nom/voc pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • χηνοῖν — χήν wild goose fem gen/dat dual …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • χηνί — χήν wild goose fem dat sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • χηνῶν — χήν wild goose fem gen pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • χηνός — χήν wild goose fem gen sg …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • χησί — χήν wild goose fem dat pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.